Day One - Negombo > Day Two - Anuradhapura > Day Three - Polonnaruwa > Day Four - Sigiriya & Dambulla > Day Five - Kandy > Day Six - Nuweraeliya > Day Seven - Ella > Day Eight - Yala > Day Nine - Gall > Day Ten - Hikkaduwa > Day Eleven - Hikkaduwa > Day Twelve - Bentota > Day Thirteen - Colombo > Day Fourteen - Colombo Airport Drop
The representative of Chiara Tours Srilanka is always at the Colombo airport to warmly welcome you with paging your names in the paging area at the Colombo airport inner lobby. According to our plan we are heading to Negombo which is 11 KMs away form Colombo airport.
Places to visit in Negombo
Negombo is 2 meters above the sea level and owns eye catching white sandy pebble beach. The beach becomes most heart winning place during the months from November to March because of its magnificent beauty. The tourists are willing to swim in the blue color worm sea water and lay under the sun because the beach is clean and attractive. The water sports, deep diving, fishing and boat trips are very famous in this area. There are many popular hotels are around the beach like jet wins ,Goldie sands ,Club dolphin Hotel ,Camelot beach Hotel and the Paradise beach Hotel are some hotels which are around the beach in Negombo. Not only hotels but also many pubs and restaurant are too popular among the tourist. Specially, the very fresh sea foods can be taste in these restaurants which are located on the beach.
This prosperous lagoon is the land mark of Negombo.It is nourished by large number of cannels and rives. The lagoon is very helpful to the fishermen to safeguard their fishing boats. There are flourishing coconut plantations, paddy fields and green environment are around Negombo lagoon. The lagoon gives a forestry look due to wide separate mangroves. They grow in the muddy lands and the roots are coming out of the mud to absorb air. The lagoon is covered with a large number of water birds like cormorants, herons, egrets, gulls, terns and other shore birds can be seen. Chiara Tours arranges the guided boat safari in the sea, river or lagoon.
Negombo Fish market
Negombo is fishing village where there are main two fish markets located on the beach. There are more than thousands of boats traveling to catch some different kinds of edible big or small fish daily. Everyday early in the morning and evening the fisherman gather together in the fish market to sell their fish to the customers who come in large manner. Negombo fish market is the places where there are large stocks of fish distribute to other places in Srilanka.The people have the ability to buy fresh fish in competitive price from the market. There are large numbers of different kind of fish like tuna, seer, shark, rock fish and other blood fish as well as cuttlefish, prawns and crabs too can be experience.
Visit religious places
Negombo is known as ‘Little Rome’ in Srilanka because there are large numbers of Roman Catholic people are inhabits in the area ,this is due to arrival of Portuguese and Dutch in 16th and 17th centuries in Srilanka. The people of Negombo embraced Catholic religion after arrival of Portuguese and Dutch and built large number of churches in all corners. So presently, the city looks like Rome due to large number of Roman Catholic Church. Negombo is the place where we can experience the harmony of Catholics, Buddhist and Hindu people and they are living very peacefully. Agurukaramulla Buddhist temple is a great religious place for Buddhists and where we can experience Bor tree, image house and stupa with Chiara Tours. There are some well painted Hindu temples where the religious sounds of chanting and sounds of bell make peaceful happiness in the visitors mind.
Dutch church & Fort
In 17th century AD, Dutch people arrived to Srilanka in the purpose of doing trade; mainly they were living in costal belt in the island. They were very much found in spices and natural harbor, so they lived in Negombo because they could find cinnamon and natural harbor in Negombo. Still, we can experience the arrival of Dutch from Dutch church, Dutch architecture and Dutch fort in the city. It is a unique style in Negombo provides attractive sight to the visitors. The Catholics people gather in to the Dutch church to the religious performance in every Sunday and the main gate of the Dutch fort is next to the Dutch church, presently it has been used as a prison in Negombo. The Dutch cannel flows through the city tells us that the European styles are still alive in Asia.
Overnight Negombo hotel which is on the beach
After breakfast we leave for Anuradhapura, the ancient city in Srilanka. The distance between Negombo to Anuradhapura is 185KMs and 04 hours drive by an a/c car. Chiara Tours Srilanka is owning well experienced linguistic chauffeur guide and he will drive to Anuradhapura with in four hours and on the way we pass Negombo city , Hindu temples at Chilaw ,Puttalam lagoon ,salutary farm and Wipattu national park. Anuradhapura is situated in dry zone in Srilanka where we can see monuments and ruins which are belongs to 4th century BC to 10th century AD, during that period….
Brief information about Anuradhapura by Chiara Tours
Ruler the King
It was a monarchy, the king came from a royal family, the king ship went to brother to brother or father to son. Everything were belongs to the King. When some one had done a great services to the king or the country, he was given some lands for him self called Nindagam,Viharagam or Dawalagm for his Nobel task.
The life was very simple. They need Sault for their consumption. There was domestic as well as international trade, especially for jams and species.
The people much depend on agriculture especially on rice cultivation. Anuradhapura is situated in dry zone in Srilanka.So only North East monsoon rain brings water to the harvest only from May to September. The brave four fathers made tanks to bank sheet of water for their future consumption. They are called Mahavapi,Digavpi and Gamvapi tanks according its size.
264 BC Monk Aarahath Mahinda brought Buddhism to Srilanka during the period of Anuradhapura. There were no much powerful religion in Anuradhapura and royal family embraced Buddhism and sponsored. Nun Sangamittha Thera brought sacred Bo Tree (ficas Relijos) strengthened Buddhism in Anuradhapura. The Buddhism simply asks people to do wholesome things, not to do unwholesome things, mind cleanness through mediation.
The Senpathi was the commander in chief of army. He had the power on peace, order, defense and battle under the instruction of the King. The cast system was always in the mind of the people.
History of Anuradhapura by Chiara Tours Srilanka
In 6 century BC, The Prince Vijay arrived to southwest of Srilanka from India with his 5000 followers placed called Thambapanni. This was the beginning of civilization in Srilanka. One of his minister call Anuradha ruled a village called Anurdha gramya or Anuradha village became Anuradhapura kingdom when it came to 4 century BC. The king Pandukabaya was the first king in Anuradhapura had the throne after great battle with his uncles (killing 8 uncles out of 9 uncles).He was the one who end the battle between Natives and Arians. He made Abaya wawa presently it is called Bswakkulama tank to feed the people. When it came to 3 century BC, the king Davanampiyathissa changed the whole life style of the Srilankan people by embracing Buddhism. He made Thuparamya stupa and warmly welcome to sapling of scared Bo tree to Anuradhpura which sheltered Buddha to be enlightened and making Thissa wewa were the great work of king Davanampiythssa.In 2 century BC one of brave king called King Dutugmunu came to power by defeating a powerful Indian king Elara.The battle was a great one and still the people are speaking about it. The king Dutugmunu fought not to make comfort himself but to feed the people,potect them and strengthen Buddhism in a greater level. He strengthened Buddhism by making Ruwanmalisaya stupa,Miriswatiya dagaba and Brazen palace.
In 1 century BC king Walgamba came to power and at that time there were Choler invaders continually attacked Anuradhapura and the king had flew to Dambulla, 64 km away from Anuradhapura to protect himself and to make powerful army to go against Choler invades. After getting back to Anuradhapura, the great King converted the Dambulla natural caves as Buddhist temple as well as Abayagiriya stupa and the Monastery. (The large brick building in the world) During the period of king Kithsirimagawan in 303 century AD, the sacred tooth relic of Buddha was bought to Anuradhapura. The king was thrilled and made sacred tooth relic temple and worshipped by providing offerings and organizing annual processing.
When it came to 5 century AD, king Dathusana came to power and did great things by making kala wewa tank, Awkana Buddha statue and brought water from kala wewa tank to Anuradhapura using Yoda ela tank to feed more than 100 village tanks by using high engineering power. During this period, king Kassapa got the throne by killing his father King Dathusana and chasing his bother prince Mugalan to India. The king Kassapa wanted to find well protected place to secure himself, so he found Sigiriya and build his palace on the Sigiriya rock which is 200m high. But after 18 years, his brother Mugalan came back from India with great army and took back kingdom to Anuradhapura again. During this period it was very difficult to protect Anuradhapura from Choler invaders from India. When it came to 10 century AD, the capital moves to Polonnaruwa from Anuradhapura due to protect themselves from invaders as well as there were so many tanks in Polonnaruwa.So they had the ability to feed the people and secure them self.
Anuradhapura Highlights by Chiara Tours
As we all know the sacred stupa Ruwanwalisaya dagaba is the second worshipping place in Anuradhapura. It was built by king Dutugmunu after defeating the Chloe king Elara in 2 century BC. The stupa is 180 feet height and 370 circumferences. The foundation goes 17.5 deep under the ground. It was mention in our great chronicles that more than 100 tamed elephant had used to crush the foundation rocks and the elephants legs were covered by carpet cover. On the crushed rock, they had applied butter clay then iron plate. The beautiful sacred stupa was built on the strong foundation. It is believed that Buddha’s sacred bowl of relic had enshrined in the doom of the stupa. The great stupa is located very close to the Sacred Bor tree and this is one of eighth Buddhist worshipping places in Anuradhapura, Srilanka.
Sacred Bo Tree in Anuradhapura (Ficus religiosa)
Anuradhapura sacred Bo Tree is the right side sapling of original Bo Tree which was sheltered Buddha to attain supreme enlightment at Buddha Gaya, Northern India. This is the oldest tree in the world which was in written and brought to Srilanka on 264 BC during the period of king Davanampiyathissa (2277 years ago).After arrival of Buddhism to Srilanka in 267 BC, Nun Sangamiththa Thera came from India with sacred sapling of Bo Tree with eighteen groups of people and landed to Dambakolapatuna, presently called it as Jaffna and brought to Anuradhapura with great procession. One group out of eighteen had the great responsibility towards the Bo Tree to protect and care it. Still their generation can be seen today. Everyday thousands of people visit this Anuradhapura for worshipping and get blessing from it.
Brazen Palace (Lovamahapaya)
After arrival Of Buddhism to Srilanka there were a lots of monks imaged from the society. They were so powerful and the king too sponsored them, feed them and built their living places in Anuradhapura. The Brazen Palace was a living places for the monks and there were more than thousands monks were living in Mahamauna garden built by King Davanampiyathissa. From the beginning the Palace was nine story building and the roof was made out of copper. The nine stories were placed on the stone pillars because of the termite attack and there were more then thousands rooms could be seen in the Palace with balconies. The Palace was made out of wooden and it was decorated with using silver bells and lauters flowers. The senior monks were living in the upper stories and junior monks lived in the down floors. The sacred Bor Tree and the Ruwanwalisaya Stupa were placed next to the Brazen Palace. The palace was got fire during the Polonnaruwa period and rebuilt it again as a seven story building on 1600 stone pillars using Palmira loges, fish tail palm tree loges and it was a well painted one as a living place for the Buddhist monks. Presently we can see the strong stone pillars and a replica of Borazon Palace.
Samadhi Buddha’s Statue
The Samadhi Buddha’s Statue is the most attractive statue in Anuradhapura which is 7.3 feet height and placed next to Abayagiriya Stupa. The great person’s statue is with deep meditation posture, right leg is on the left leg, right hand is on the left hand, half close eye with tight lips and precious blue sappier gem stones were placed in the eyes of the Buddha’s statue but they can’t be seen presently. The statue was found during the excavation in Anuradhapura in 1866 and the statue is carved out o f Dolomite. The ancient architecture had given live to the natural dolomite rock and the facial expression of Buddha is unbelievable. Indian Priminister Jawaharlal Nauru had written a letter to his daughter that he had got peace of mind at looking at the Samadhi Buddha’s Statue when he was in prison with depression. On Vessak full moon poya day people gather here with white clothes to meditate in front of the Statue to get peace of mind.
Twin Pounds in Anuradhapura
When we pass the Samadhi Buddha’s Statue, we meet the two pounds that were made out of natural granite rock in different styles and in different times in 6 century AD. These pounds were made in the purposes of bathing for the Abayagiriya monks in a comfortable manner and to make the atmosphere cold and beauty. Abayagiriya monks can’t swim in the water and they have to fail water using a pot according to the rules and regulation that were given to the monks in Anuradhapura. The water had taken from the nearest lake to the pounds and it was filtered and sheltered using unbelievable engineering work before drop in to the pounds. The ancient Srilankan engineers had used terracotta cordite pipes for this marvelous work. They have carved dragon mouth out of natural granite rock and five headed cobra hood for the protection of the pounds, mythically believe that they have the ability to provide water to the pounds. Carvings of fish, crab, shell and dancing woman have carved out of natural rocks symbolize the protection. There are flight of steps for the bottom of the pounds and the ancient technology and power of architecture is proved from these pounds.
Abayagioriya Stupa and Monastery
The Abayagiriya Stupa is the fourth largest brick building in the world and second biggest Stupa in Srilanka.It was built in 1st century by king Walagamba in the shape of mouth of grain and it was renovated in 12th century AD by king Parakramabahu.Fa-hsien said that the stupa was built on the spot where Buddha set His foot print on the ground. The Buddha’s foot prints were enshrined in the Stupa .Presently the stupa is 246 feet high and the diameter of the lofty terrace is 355 feet long. The stupa has been built after filling a mixer of pebbles, quartz and rubbles on the top of the bed rock and hardening it by pressing. The stupa is 14 acres of land. Abayagiriya was a monastery where more than 1000 of Darma Ruchi sect monks were living, following Buddhism and other subjects. There are Elephant pound, refectories, faculties, sauna bath and hot bath places which were used by the monks still can be seen. The elephant pound is five times bigger than Olympic swimming pool. It is a great example for the oldest Buddhist monastery.
This is a Buddhist temple by the side of Thissa weva tank and its history goes back to pre Christian era. When the sacred tooth relic was brought to Anuradhapura it was placed in this Buddhist temple and it was called Meghagiri vihara in the 4th C.AD. It is believed that the people worshiped rainy gods-Parjanya in this temple because they need much water for their rice cultivation. We can see two different styles of sculptures with man, horse and playing elephant in the water have done very effective manner. When we climb the rock to see the Buddha’s foot print it provides a bird’s eye view of Anuradhapura with Thissa weva tank, village, stupa, rice fields and Buddhist temples. The sculptures of Issurumuniya lovers and the royal family are very attractive and they are considered as genius work of ancient Srilankans.
Jethavanarama Stupa is the center piece of Jethavanarama Monastry.This was third largest building in the world and it was only smaller than two pyramids in Luxor in Egypt in 3rd C AD. Jethavanarama Stupa is the largest brick building in the world and Emerson Tenant; a British engineer had related that the bricks which were used to build the Jethavanarama Stupa have the ability to build a wall with 3 feet high and 1 foot width from London to Edinburgh. Originally the Stupa was 400 feet high, diameter was 367 feet and the foundation is 28 feet deep. There are four entrances for the Stupa, one is 28 feet width. A gold plate was found in reason excavating and the Mahayana Sutra or philosophical teaching of Buddha was written in the gold plate. This plate can be seen in Colombo museum presently.
After visiting the entire site seen of Anuradhapura, we are going to the hotel after having a great experience about Srilankan history and Buddhism.
Over night at Anuradhapura hotel
We visit Avukana Buddha’s Statue on the way to Polonnaruwa
Avukana Buddha’s Statue
On the way back from Anuradhapura, we are proceeding to see the unbelievable artful craftsmanship of making Buddha’s Statue out of natural rock. The Avukana Buddha’s Statue is situated after passing the Kalawave man made tank which provides water to Anuradhapura through a cannel using oldest engineering power in Ceylon by the great king Datusena.
The Avkana Buddha’s Statue is living natural rock which is 42 feet high and the posture is standing Buddha with blessing all the living creatures in the world. The style of Buddha’s Statue is unique to Anuradhapura period and the statue is standing on a louts flower. The ancient architectures always liked to compare Buddha to the Lotus flower because the louts flower comes from the mud and no any water drops can be kept on the flower, even Buddha is born in this sinful world and He eradicated desire and cravings in His life. So here, the architecture has given a great comparison to Buddha by using a beautiful natural fragrant flower (the mud compares to the sinful world and the water drops to the sinful conditions of the people). The ancient craftsman was very successful for giving a life to a natural rock by using just a hammer and some sharp tools before 1613 years ago (5th century AD) in Srilanka. It is a marvelous unbelievable creation of ancient Srilankans.
This is a great place to visit because the Statue shows the great personality and the qualities of Buddha in a perfect manner. The facial expression of Buddha like Serenity, Love and Kindness, Compassion, Rejoice when others are happy and equinity are depicting through this marvelous creation.
After breakfast at approximately 0800 am we are heading to Polonnaruwa which was the second capital and ancient city as well as a World Heritage Sight in Srilanka. The Distance between Anuradhapura to Polonnaruwa is 100km and 02 hours drive by a car. Polonnaruwa was the second kingdom in Srilanka where you can experience the ancient monuments which are belongs to 11 C AD to 13 C AD and hormone of Buddhism and Hinduism were shown in all the religious places in Polonnaruwa. Mainly four kings have ruled the kingdom of Polonnaruwa and it was a well self sufficient kingdom and had export rice to other countries in greater manner. The 11 Century AD creation ability of art and architectures are shown in polonnaruwa, especially huge Buddha’s statues mode out of natural rock, man made tanks, Buddhist Stupas, sacred tooth relic temples, Buddhist worshipping places, ancient Hindu temples and royal palaces are the great places to visit in Polonnaruwa. After successful four decades the kingdom was changed to Dambadaniya due to Kalinga Maga invention from south India.
The Places to visit in Polonnaruwa
Gal viharaya (uttrarama)
This is the most well known and popular site among the pilgrims and visitors all over the world. There are four well preserved Buddha’s Statues can be seen. They are the master pieces in Polonnaruwa and Buddhist iconography. This is the great example for the science of carving statue out of natural rock in ancient can be experienced in this site. The great deep meditation posture of Buddha’s statue on a throne decorated lions and thunder bolts and halo is behind the head of the statue. The next Buddha’s statue is kept in a cave where the natural rock was carved inside and the gold glided deep meditation Buddha’s statue depict the story of preaching in heaven. The inscription which was written in the rock says the agreements between the monks and the king in Polonnaruwa.It is called as Polonnaruwa kathikawatha where the king urged the monks to be united and some monks were disrobed who went against the agreements. The standing posture of Buddha’s statue with cross hands is 23 feet (7 meters) high is very rare statue in Srilanka.The passing away of Buddha’s statue is 46 feet long (14 meters)and the last moment of the great person is depict by this statue. These statues are the most admirable statues where the facial expression and the great qualities of Buddha as equinity, compassion, love and kindness and rejoice when others are happy are shown through these statues.
King Parakramabahu statue
This is unique statue in Polonnaruwa because no king’s statue can be seen in this area. The statue shows the mysterious carving ability of ancient people in Srilanka. This is a king statue where he stands as a sage and farmer because the sage and the farmers are very popular during these period. The statue is situated in the bank of the Parakramabahu man made tank. The three bends of the statue shows the natural way of standing of a man. This is considered as the master piece of Srilankan art.
Poth Gul Vehara
This is the ancient library during 11 Century AD. It is a Buddhist religious place where four attending stupas in four corners as well monks’ cells too can be in this area. This was a popular place and the chronicles say that the royal family and nobles had come here to refer Buddhist texts especially chanting gathas and read fifty five jathaka stories (Buddha’s life stories). It was fired during the attack from Kalinga and Maga from south India. This is the most ancient library in Srilanka.
There are seven Hindu temples were built during the Cholas period in Polonnaruwa. They are the oldest sites found in this area. The Hindu temples were built during the Cholas period for the religious worshipping purposes in Polonnaruwa. The ‘Lingam and Yoni’ are the symbol of worship. The ancient south Indian architectures are shown from these Hindu temples. They are built with using granite slabs and no plasters of bounding agent had been used for these temples. They muter and peg system had applies to built these worshipping places. Still the people gather three times per week for Hindu worshippin
Circular Relic chamber (Vatadage)
This is one of the most beautiful buildings in Polonnaruwa and it was built to protect the Stupa where the sacred relics were enshrined. The unique Srilankan architectural style is used in a greater manner. The conical roof was supported by the strong stone pillars around the stupa. There are three levels where the first and second levels are traditional entrances consist of moonstone, guard stone, balustrade and flight of steps. The third level is well painted decorated wall with four Buddha’s statue in four cardinal points around the Stupa which were made out of different natural granite stones. The well preserved and the best moonstone can be seen here but the bull was taken out from the moonstone and had given a prominent place because of Hinduism in Polonnaruwa.
Thuparamaya image house
This was built for the worshipping of Buddha image and it is specialized in power of architecture during 11 Century in Polonnaruwa. There was a seated Buddha’s image and some several Buddha’s statue are around the place which were belongs to Anuradhapura period. The eyes of seated Buddha’s statue was studded with blue sapphire and when the sun lights comes through the hole above the other statues are shining due to reflection from the blue sapphire. The statues are carved out of natural rock called mica and they are glittering when they get lights from the blue sapphire.
King Parakramabahu palaces
The inscription which was in the left and the chronicles describes it as a palace in heaven. The Palace was named as ‘Weijayantha pasada’ because it was a seven story building decorated with golden bells, flags, flower pots and lions. The fragrant flowers were placed to provide good smell to the rooms instead of perfume. The seven story building was built using bricks and wooden and the down flow was used as a warehouse, lobby and security purposes. The staircase is made out of natural granite stones and the well painted walls are very thick due to shorten foundation. They had used thick plaster by mixing sea shells, glue of a tree, termite earth hill and ground sand, still we can experience the miracles. Unfortunately the Palace was burn due to Cola invention from India and still we can see the burn bricks around the Palace.
Thivanka Image House
This is a brick Buddhist building and the Buddha’s statue too was made out of bricks. The Thivanka Buddha’s statue is the tallest bricks build Buddha’s statue with three bending. The posture of Buddha’s statue is Thivanka; it means three times bend from knees, waist and shoulder of the body. The facilities were given to worshippers for head, feet and circumbulance worshipping. The murals or painting too can be seen here and Buddha’s past birth and some incidents were depicting in these murals. Outer walls were decorated with bricks and stucco plaster with various images and erotic figures too can be experience here.
After experiencing these ancient Buddhist monuments, we are heading back towards Minnariya National Park for jungle Safari. In the evening we go jungle Safari at Minneriya National park where you can see more than 200 elephants in a row with baby elephants. Not only elephants but also mammals, reptiles, and birds too can be seen.
Late in the evening we are going to hotel at Sigiriya.
After breakfast we move to visit the Lion’s Rock fortress. It was a city, palace and garden complex and most of the people believe it as an 8th wonder of the world. The Lion’s Rock or Sigiriya rock is Srilankan most recognizable landmark and not only natives but also many tourists daily visit the world famous rock fortress because it is a World Heritage site published in 1982 by UNSCO. The Sigiriya was built by king Kashapa in 5th Century AD to protect himself from his brother Mugalan who lived India at that time. He was a ‘lover of nature’ and wanted to make Sigiriya as a heaven in all comfort. When we are entering in to the site we pass two moats and three ramparts to safe guard the king’s life from enemies. There were many dangerous crocodiles could be seen in these moats. The water garden, terrace garden and boulder garden tells the story that the King had admired the nature in great manner; still the fountains are working during the rainy season. The Lion’s Rock is 200 meters high and half way to the Rock the visitor has the ability to see the world famous 5th century AD Frescoes. They are half naked woman was drawn by the great ancient artist using natural paint and they are still alive. There were more than 500 paintings could be seen but unfortunately they were washed out and only 22 painting can be seen now.
The mirror wall is built to protect to the staircase walkers who are climbing to the summit and the wall was converted as a mirror using well polished natural granite. So that, when the visitor is going through the mirror wall the Frescos could be seen from the mirror.
After 5th century AD, there were many people came to see the miracle of the rock and the well preserved urban planning. They wrote their ideas, thoughts and feelings in the mirror wall about their experiences in Sigiriya. There were more than 1000 grafties can be seen but 687 grafties have read and understood in present. After Lion’s paw we reach the summit where we experience the ruins of the palace and the pool where it gives bird’s eye view of the surrounding. After Lion’s Rock you are free to ride on elephant and to have aruvadic harbel massage from government approved places.
We are going to Dambulla Golden cave temple which is 18 km away from Sigiriya Lion’s Rock. It is one of cultural triangle and World Heritage Site declared by UNSCO where there are five natural caves converted as Buddhist temple in 1st Century BC by the great king Valagamba.It was a good protecting places to him to safeguard his life from invaders and Buddhist monks too helped him during his difficult situation. The king converted these natural caves as Buddhist temple after winning the battle in Anuradhapura as a gratitude to the Buddhist monks. It is a well painted cave temple where different postures of Buddha’s statues can be seen and they are made out of natural rock, plaster, and granite or wooden with well painted very colorful ones. Dambulla cave temple is unique and important site because of the amalgamation of the material from many eras. After visiting Golden Cave Temple we move to Kandy and over night we stay at the sacred city of Kandy after heart winning cultural dancing show.
After breakfast we do the entire site seen in the city of Kandy.
Paradaniya botanical garden , Gem museum , Wood carving places , Herable garden and herbal treatment , Sacred Tooth Relic Temple , Shopping and city tour are some places, Sacred Tooth relic temple of Buddha - Kandy
Kandy is most attractive and famous city not only among natives but also among foreign people because of its beauty. UNESCO did not had two minds to declare it as living World Heritage Site in 1988.It is the second largest city in Srilanka and 465 feet above the sea level. The surrounding mountain range, geographical setting and artificial lake bring much beauty to the city. A British Governor loved Kandy so much and he has experienced that Kandy is the most beautiful city among other cities in the world. The king’s palace and the British period buildings give us unique mixer of cultural new experience to the visitor. Kandy is home for the Sacred Tooth Relics of Buddha and it is the most venerable worshipping Relics to every Srilankan.It is the last capital for kings era and mainly three kings have ruled Kandy kingdom in 15 century AD. So, the Kandy is politically and religiously well known place in Srilanka.
Sacred Tooth Relic
The Sacred Tooth Relic was introduced to Srilanka from India in 4 century AD for the protection from enemies during the king’s era .The Tooth Relic has become the Palladian of the royalty, that means nobody become the king without having the Sacred Tooth Relic in his hand. So it had played a great role in Srilankan history. When you reach the temple your heart and eyes might be rejoicing with experiencing sound and meal offering of Sacred Tooth Relic. Who ever come to this place, use to offer some fragrant flowers and light lamps to Sacred Tooth Relic of Buddha in religious manner to get peace of mind and get better life in next life. You are too welcome to offer some flowers Buddha to get peace of mind and happiness in your life.
In the afternoon we move to Nuweraliya
On the way to Nuweraeliya we pass
Ramboda Waterfall , Tea factories , Tea plantations , Milk farm , Strawberry farms , Golf ground , Race course & Beautiful green surroundings of nature
We are heading to Nuweraeliya alone the Mahaweli River which is the longest river in Srilanka starts from Adam’s Peak and ends from Trincomalee,east of Srilanka. Nuweraeliya is central high land of Srilanka which is 180 kilometers away from Colombo and 6200 meters above the sea level. It is the most coldest (12 centigrade to 15 centigrade ) place and legendary and historically very important place in Srilanka.On the way to Nuweraeliya we pass beautiful sight seen of birds eye view of nature because we are climbing mountains with green beautiful environment with acres and acres of tea plantations . We pass Ramboda water fall which is one of attractive waterfall in Srilanka.Specially it provides suitable soil and weather condition to grow healthy tea plantation in Nuweraeliya.So there are so many tea plantation and tea factory can be seen. We are going to Blue Field tea factory to see how the tea production is occurring in Srilanka. After decline of coffee plantation In Srilanka, British needed to find a subsidiary to make money from export to Europe countries. In 19 century AD James Tailor went to China and brought a tea plant to do an experiment in Srilanka because the tea was very famous among Europeans at that time. They understood that tea is very much helpful to increase the body heat during the winter season and it is good drink for the woman especially in Arabic countries instead of alcoholic drink. British came to know that Nuweraeliy is the best place to grow tea because of suitable soil and weather condition and presently we can experience full of tea plantations in Nuweraeliy, after testing much pure, healthy and tasty cup of tea we are reaching to Nuweraeliya.
History of Nuweralieya
According to Robert Knox writing in 1988, Dr.John David has visited Nuweraeliya from the beginning in 19 century AD. It was full of jungle with wild animals and there were no road to reach to Nuweraeliya.He was surprised of the beauty and comfort of the environment. He said Nuweraeliya is “LITTEN BRITAIN” in Srilanka. After that the Governor Edward Bans made the road Kandy to Nuweraeliya using 70 Africans who were here at that time. The Governor needed to feel comfort of Nuweraeliya and he made Bans Hall in the city and it was a great place for relaxation for the British people. Presently the Bans Hall is converted as the Grand Hotel. The great voyager Samuel Baker visited this place during the British period and he felt the important of the weather and soil condition. He began the farming concept in Nuweraeliya, especially stoberry. Presently we can visit Baker’s farm, Ambewela farm and Newzealand farm during our visit to Nuweraeliya.
Over night we stay at Nuweraeliya hotel with comfortable climate
After hot coffee and breakfast we cover following site seen in Nuweraeliya.
Gregory Lake and park
Gregory Lake is another attractive place which is in the city of Nuweraeliya and it is man made tank by the Governor Gregory to give much beauty to the city. Presently it is converted as a park with the lake and many people visit to have a walk and to have a bicycle ride on the bank of the tank and to have boat tripe in the lake.
Ambeweal ,Newzeland and Stoberry farm
These farms are located 10 kilometers away from Nuweraeliya town. They are dairy companies and there are many dairy cattle can be seen. These farms are located in a beautiful location with beautiful scenic views and it is a good place to have a walk to experience the salubrious in Nuweraeliya with a glass of fresh milk. The stoberry farm is too popular among the tourist and it is possible to test ripe fresh stoberry foods.
Seetha Amman Hindu temple
Seetha Amman Hindu temple is located 1 km away from Nuweraeliya city at beneath of the Haggala mountain.This temple is legendary very important because according to Ramayana, king Ravana has hide Seetha in this place. Presently, a Hindu Temple was built in the name of Seetha and it is a great worshipping place for the Hindus.
The golf course is built in 1889 by the British servicemen during the British period in Srilanka.The golf course is situated just off the Nuweraeliya town and there are more than 2000 member has got their membership with the oldest golf club in Nuweraeliya. This is a fascinating course to play and course 18 holes, 6070 yard and 70 layouts.
The race course is located in the heart of the Nuwaraeliya town. It is the biggest horse racing place in Srilanka,was begun by the British. When the festival season begins in Nuwaraeliya during the month of April, hose racings are very popular among Srilankas as well as foreign visitors. You too have the ability to ride on horse alone the race course during the Nuwaraeliya visit.
Horton plains National park and Galway forest provides a great opportunity to relax and watch beautiful indigenous birds in Srilanka. The yellow bulbul, bright green warbler, great tit, pied bush chat, velvet fronted nuthatch, grey cannery fly catcher and bar tailed fly catcher are very common in Nuwaraeliya.
Hakgala Botanical garden
Hakgala Botanical garden is the second largest and attractive Botanical garden with full of flora plants located 16 Kilometers away from Nuwaraelia, Srilanka. The British were the people who have done experiment on Tea and Cinchona plants under the shad of Haggala Mountain. Then they brought many flowering plants to Haggala and laid the foundation for a world famous Botanical garden in Srilanka.The climate is cold and more than 10000 species of flora plants are waiting with blooming flowers to show their unique qualities to the loving visitors who comes with Chiara Tours Srilanka.
In the afternoon we move to Ella, 02 hours drive by car.
In the evening we reach Ella and visit the site seen, over night in Ella. Things to see in Ella
Ravana water fall and the cave
This is one of popular water fall in Srilanka and it is approximately 25m (82 feet) high. The Ravana fall is well known as the Ravana Ella and it is the widest waterfall in Srilanka.The name was given to the fall because during the legendary period, King Ravana brought Sitha from India and had lived in a cave which is situated very close to the fall. The water fall and the ancient cave are important places to visit.
Mimi Adams’ peak and Ella Rock for the Hikers and Trackers
Ella provides suitable environment conditions for those who fond of Hiking and Tracking. Ella rock is a place where the people use to climb because of the gorgeous scenery and to watch the tea pluckers and to feel the comfortable environment. It takes two and half hours to climb the Rock. Our well experienced chauffeur guide, who accompanies you to show the unbelievable beauty of Srilanka on the top of the rock,.
Mini Adam’s peak is another great place for the climbers. If you are coming to Srilanka during the month of off season of Adam’s peak, this is a great opportunity to experience the mini Adam’s peak in Ella. We lead and guide you to climb the Ella rock and the Mini Adam’s peak in Ella. After experiencing of hiking and tracking, we provide you aruvadic full body massage to make your body much comfort. Late in the evening we are going back to hotel to have a good rest.
After some sit seen in Ella we move to Yala that is two and half hours drive and we reach there in the afternoon .Overnight in Yala hotel of jungle camp.
Yala National park
In the morning after breakfast we are heading from Ella to Yala National park for the jungle safari. We are leaving to the Yala National park to have an unbelievable experience in the Asian forest with wild animals by a safari jeep. Chiara Tours Srilanka provides you a packet of breakfast and some water bottles in free of charge because we are going to spend more than six hours in the jungle with wild animals.
Yala National Park is most visited park for last decades in Asia because it is ‘One of Asia’s top wild life destinations’ among the others. This is second largest National park in Srilanka situated southeast of beautiful Island. The National park is consisting of five blocks and only two blocks are opened to the public. The Yala National park is covering 979 of square kilometers where it includes moist monsoon forest, dry monsoon forest, semi deciduous forest, throne forest, grass lands, fresh water, marine wet land and sandy beaches. Yala is very popular among the tourist because it embarrassed with varieties of wild animals, so the park is declared as wildlife sanctuary in 1900.It is very proud to say that the highest leopard densities can be experienced only in Yala National Park. The Sri Lankan leopard has a tawny or rusty yellow coat with dark spots and close-set rosettes, which are smaller than in Indian leopards, More than 25 individual leopards are estimated in Block no 01.Most of the time the leopards can be seen on the trees, on the rock or very close to pounds, not only leopards but also 44 species of mammals can be seen with Srilankan elephants(300 to 350),Srilanka sloth Bear, wild water buffalo, spot dears, toque macaque, golden palm civet, read slender lorries ,fishing cats and 46 species of reptiles with mugger crocodile and salt water crocodile too are living freely. Out of seven species of sea turtles five of them are coming to lay their eggs to the Yala National Park sandy beach. It might be a good experience to see the turtles in Srilanka.
The flying creatures make much attraction to the national park.215 bird’s species can be found in the park and 06 of them are endemic. They are Greyhornbill, Srilanka jungle fowl, Srilanka wood pigeon, Crimson-fronted barbet, Black cupped bulbul only living in Srilanka. We are coming back to the hotel having much experience with wild animals and full of photos in the camera. After lunch we say good bye to the Yala National Park and heading towards Gall alone the costal belt with beautiful sea view.
On the way to Gall we are visiting
Now we are moving coastal area passing beautiful beach from Yala National park to Mirissa and we cover all these following places which are situated on the beach.
This is the tallest light house in Srilanka built by British in1864 at the Dondara head.
The Mosque was built according to the new architecture. The Mosque at Godapitiya Muhiyiddeen jumma Mosque. The original mosque said to have been built 800 years ago.
One of the seven found so far in the world. A unique geological formation where a large column of water rises high up to the air with a loud whistle.
Hot Springs at Madunagala
There are some natural’s wells where the water is hot and bubbling and major attraction for local as well as foreign visitors. The place is popular as an eco tourist destination.
It was built by king Kawantissa in 2nd century BC. The huge dagaba enshrines the frontal bone of Buddha.
Saltern Tank, Hambantota
We make edible salt out of sea water. Hundreds of acres of Salt made from sea water by natural solar heat evaporation. This is another nice place to visit.
Situlpawwa Rock Temple
The Buddhist temple is located in the middle of the jungle. We can see ancient dagabas, caves, Buddha’s statues, ruins and ancient wall paintings. The temple is built on the rock and beautiful green surrounding can be seen.
A common sight between Ahangama (Gall District) and weligama is the fishermen fishing on stilts erected close to the shore. At Koggala they are seen in clusters. Late in the evening we are going to the hotel at Mirissa which is on the beautiful beach and next day early in the morning we plan to go to see Wales and Dolphin in the Mirissa Sea. evening we reach Gall.over night Gall hotel. We are heading to Gall Fort after optional breakfast to kick start the day,
It is an ancient natural harbor and UNSCO has accepted as a World Heritage Sight. It is historically very famous place because the British writer Emerson Tenant says that the world famous harbor was called it as ‘TASIS’ and King Salomon had taken peacocks , tamed elephants, ivories, pearls and gems using this harbor according to the Old Testament in the Bible in ancient time. In 14 century AD, Ebon Batuta wrote that the harbor was well establishing one. In 1505 Portuguese arrived to Srilanka and made a fort using bamboo trees for the trade. In 1638 Dutch arrived to Srilanka and had the power over the Portuguese in Gall fort. The Gall Fort was a great place for the trade, so they made the fort and harbor using especial kind of mud and corals in a strong way with a big wall around the fort, warehouses, officers, light house, prison, strong gates with hikes and more than six bastions where cannons had placed can be seen even presently. In 18 century the British too had used the Gall fort and they have taken tea, pepper, cloves, cinnamon, gem stones and other valuables through the harbor from 1798 and 1948.The mixer of European architectures from Portuguese, Dutch and British can be seen presently and the marine museum is another important place to visit to have a good understanding about the ancient naval power of Europeans.
After lunch at the fort we move to Hikkaduwa on the beautiful costal belt with eye catching view of the sea. It is one hour drive.
Day Ten & Eleven
Relaxing on the beautiful and amazing Hikkaduwe Beach (Marine National Park)
Hikkaduwa beach is a well-known place as a marine national park among the tourist because there are beautiful coral reefs and colorful fishes can be seen under the sea water. It is a great and attractive place where we can experience white sandy beach, blue and worm water, low waves, and great sun shine without any harassment. Snorkeling and diving are very popular among the tourist in Hikkaduwa Beach and you have the opportunity to see the heavenly look under the water as well as the glass bottom boats too are provided to experience the Marine National Park in Srilanka, two days we stay at Hikkaduwa on the Beach.
After breakfast we move to Bentota on the costal belt and pass…
Ambalangoda masks carving place and mask museum , Madu Gaga river boat safari , Turtle Hatchery
Turtles in Srilanka
Turtles are beautiful reptiles’ sea creatures who like worm climates and having a well decorated shell on its back. There are seven spices of Turtles are living in the world but luckily five species of Turtles are living in Srilankan sea out of seven. They are Oliver readily turtle, Leather back turtle, green turtle, Hawksbill turtle and Logger head turtle. These turtles are coming to Srilanka beach to lay their eggs during night times. Unfortunately the populations of the turtles are decreasing rapidly due to consumption of flesh and eggs of turtles in greater manner. Srilankan government had passed a low to protect these valuable sea creatures and try to increase their population through new conversations like
Chiara Tours Srilanka guide accompanies you to Kosgoda Turtles hatchery to experience the different stages of turtle’s lives.
We reach Bentota late in the evening and over night we stay at Bentota beach hotel.
After breakfast Water Sport. Activities at Bentota
Bentota nature and the beach provide the suitable environment for the water sport like,
Banana boat ride , Tube ride , Wave surfing , Wind surfing , Jet skiing
You are welcome to do these activities and Chiara Tours provides all the necessaries and instruction with a guide to make your journey much happy. In the evening we are going on boat Safari in the Madu River to see the birds, animals and beautiful environment around Bentota. Afternoon we move to Colombo and one hour drive and in the evening we do Colombo city tour and shopping.
Over night we stay in the city.
According to the given flight time our chauffeur guide takes you to Colombo airport safely and it is one and half hours drive.